Being a Section 10 band means that M’Chigeeng assumes control of its own membership under Section 10 of the Indian Act.
The Amendments to the Indian Act in 1985 separated registration in the Indian Register from band membership and gave the choice to bands to assume control of their own band membership. This means that if you are eligible for registration as a Status Indian, you may not necessarily be eligible for Band Membership. The reverse is also true: You may be eligible for Band Membership, but not for registration as a Status Indian.
The Indian Registrar retains sole responsibility for the registration of persons in the Indian Register. The term “Status Indian” is used to refer to a person who is registered. Normally, you are eligible for registration if: you were eligible before the Act was changed in 1985; you lost your registration as a result of your marriage to a non-Indian man; you lost your registration because your father was not an Indian; you lost your registration because you or your parents applied to give up registration and First Nation membership through the process known as “enfranchisement”; or Both your parents are eligible for registration for any reason.
THE INDIAN REGISTRAR
First established in 1951, and is the official within the department who is responsible for the maintenance of the Indian Register and its component parts: the Band lists and General Lists. Band Lists – which contained the names of persons who were band members and entitled to be registered; and General Lists – which contained the names of persons who were not band members, but were entitled to be registered.
Membership in a band is determined either by: 1. the band under section 10 of the Indian Act. All decisions on who can become a member of a section 10 band are made by the band itself in accordance with the membership rules it has established; or 2. a piece of self-government legislation separate from the Indian Act; or 3. the Indian Registrar under Section 11 of the Indian Act. On June 8, 1987, MFN gave notice to the Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development that MFN is assuming control of its own membership. On September 25, 1987, Minister gives notice to MFN, that it is a section 10 band under the Indian Act and determines its own Band Membership.